Reproductive and Sexual Rights

What are my Reproductive and Sexual Rights?

You have the right to make decisions about your body. In Canada, you have the right to:

  • Decide whether or not to have children, when to have children, and how many children to have
  • Choose a birth control method that is right for you
  • Receive sexual and reproductive health care services
  • Access to a legal, safe abortion or to full pregnancy care
  • Receive information about sexual and reproductive health
  • Choose your partners
  • Decide whether, when and what kind of sexual activity you want to participate in
  • Choose whether or not to marry or to separate
  • Protect yourself and your partners from sexually transmitted infections/HIV
  • Choose your health care provider                                                         

What are my rights when seeing a doctor?

It’s important to feel comfortable with your doctor. You have the right to:

  • Spend enough time to talk about your health care needs
  • Be treated with respect
  • Ask questions and get answers that you understand.(Tip: Write your questions down on a piece of paper and take it with you)
  • Have someone with you for the whole appointment, including the physical exam
  • Make decisions about your health care without anyone else knowing about it
  • Change doctors

What can I do if I don’t want to have children (get pregnant) now?

If you decide not to have children, or more children:

  • You can decide not to have the kind of sex that makes pregnancy (such as penis and vagina)
  • You can decide to have penis-vagina sex and use birth control

Where can I get more information?

  • From your health care provider, community health clinic, or public health nurse.
  • From the Facts of Life On-Line: e-mail your questions to



 Birth Control – The different ways of preventing pregnancy.